Bio: Jane Addams was an American social worker and reformer, educated in the U.S. and Europe. In 1889 she co-founded (with Ellen Gates Starr) Hull House in Chicago, which was one of the first settlement houses in the U.S. Like other settlement houses, Hull House was a type of welfare house for the neighborhood poor and a center for social reform. In 1911 Addams also helped found the National Foundation of Settlements and Neighborhood Centers, and she was its first president. She was also a leader in women's suffrage and pacifist movements. She received the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize (shared with American educator Nicholas Murray Butler).